How to Change the Oil and Oil Filter on a Motorcycle

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Want to save some money and learn about your beloved machine at the same time? Try changing your own oil. It is cheap, fun, and does not require many tools!

Steps

  1. Set up your spot. This is one of the most important steps. You do not want to be running around looking for tools, containers and rags while oil is flowing out of your bike and your hands are too slick to turn a doorknob! Check the "Things Youll Need" section to get everything ready.
  2. Put your bike on the side stand, center-stand or rear-stand if you have one. Put your drain pan approximately under the bolt. Try to think ahead of where the oils going to shoot out, and watch it as it drains. Youll most likely have to adjust the placement of the drain pan as the old oil slows down. Use the proper tool to remove the bolt. You do not want to strip it! If it drops in the pan, just pick it up quickly and do not burn yourself if its hot!
  3. Allow the used/dirty oil to finish draining while you take off the filter. Carefully unscrew the filter with a filter wrench or, in a pinch, wrap a leather (or rubber) belt around it like a dog choker to get it off. Be careful not to dent or damage the filter, as that could inadvertently allow some of the contaminants in the filter to go back into the engine. There may be some oil left in there that may splash out, so make sure youve got something under there to catch it. If it is on there really tight, you can punch a screwdriver through its side with a hammer and use that to get it loose.
  4. Install a fresh drain plug crush washer. It may cost as much as a dollar, but is cheap insurance. Be sure to remove the old crush washer. The New Washer will help save the threads in your oil pan as it will take less torque to wrench down on the oil drain plug.
  5. Put the drain bolt back in. Make sure its clean of dirt and grime before putting it back. Remember that its usually going into cast aluminum, so do not over-tighten it! Consult your manual or your local shop for torque specs for your bike. Remember when using a torque wrench that Nm is not equal to Ft-Lbs. If you do not torque in the bolt to spec, just install it snug but do not over-tighten it!
  6. Prep the filter by filling it about a quarter full of fresh oil. "Swish" it around slowly to try and get all the filter material down in there wet with oil. Then, and this is very important, prep the rubber seal with a dab of oil on your finger. Just get the whole seal "wet". This will ensure that it makes good contact with the engine, and make it much easier to get it off during the next oil change.
  7. Clear the filter area on the engine of grime and wipe a finger of fresh oil around the area just to get good clean contact. Carefully screw on the new filter. Do not force it! It should go quite easily. Once it takes more than about zero effort to turn it, it only needs about 3/4 of a turn left. You really do not want to over-tighten an oil filter. And you shouldnt need more than a clean hand to tighten it. Do not use a tool, unless it is attached to a torque wrench and you are tightening it to factory specs!
  8. If you havent already, move the dirty oil away from the area so you do not spill it! Look in your manual for oil capacity and use the funnel to add about half a quart under full capacity into the fill hole. Stop and check the level. Add or drain oil as necessary to be at about the bottom third between Add and Full. You do not want to overfill the oil! It adds undue pressure on the seals in your engine and can lessen its life. Remember that on motorcycles you have to have it straight up and down, not on the side stand, to check the level.
  9. Clean it up, double check youve returned all the caps and bolts, and youre good to go! Most auto places that sell you the oil will take it back if you pour it back into the orginal containers. Its a messy job, but do not pour it on the ground. It doesnt go away, its really bad for the environment, and quite likely it is illegal.
  10. Lastly, make double sure to check the level again as well as the filter, drain bolt, and fill cap tightness after your first ride!
  11. Congratulations! Job well done.

Tips

  • Remember, hot oil flows much better, so go for a ten minute ride before you pull the drain plug. The oil will come out hot and fast when it goes so be careful! This will help "wash" the inside of your engine with oil and let it flow out nicely.
  • You do not want dirt and grime from your tools and your shop getting in there, so clean your tools before (and after), and keep a clean work area! Small particles of sand in your oil can destroy your engine!
  • Oil disposal is always a pain. Put it in an old (but clean) bleach or laundry detergent bottle, cause theyre sturdy and have a good screw on top. Most town dumps will take oil if youre a resident, and sometimes only on a certain day. Do not dump it on the ground!
  • If you ride a sport bike, odds are that your oil filter will be surrounded by your exhaust headers. Since burning oil stinks, try this to keep the oil off of the hot exhaust pipes: get some aluminum foil and wrap it over the top of the headers just below the filter connection!
  • Clean the oil drain plug area and the drain plug itself thoroughly. That will make it easy to spot a leak after you refill with fresh oil. It will also keep you from introducing dirt from the oil-pan to the inside of the engine. If you do see a leak after re-filling, you may have not tightened the drain plug enough, or you may have over-tightened it. Whats more, leaving oil on that area will attract loads of dirt and make a real mess of the area.
  • Be sure not to over-tighten your oil drain plug. The oil pan is usually aluminum and no match for the steel threads of the drain plug. A stripped oil pan can be a big pain. The drain plug should be tightened to the tightness specified in your owners manual and no more.

Warnings

  • Overfilling your engine increases oil pressure, putting strain on seals. Think about this. Racers usually run their cars/bikes with even less oil than the manufacturer recommends as the bare minimum in oil to keep weight down. And think about how hard they run their engines. Stay on the not chock-full side and filling 1/3 of the way above "add" (or the lower marker). Just check it often, as you should anyway!
  • Hot oil is hot! Be careful as you can burn yourself.
  • Never smoke or use a lighter while changing oil, charging batteries, or working with any part of the fuel system (tank, lines, carbs, injectors, etc).
  • Oil is not all that flammable, but fuel that may have contaminated your oil IS. Oil will burn, mind you, but it takes a source of heat far greater than that of a simple cigarette or a lighter. However, you may have had a carburetors float get stuck and not even realize it, and now you might have a great deal of fuel mixed in with the oil in your crankcase. If a float sticks, the excess fuel should pour out of the overflow. Sometimes, if the line is pinched, plugged, or stopped up, over one night the contents of the entire fuel tank can find their way into both the airbox and the crank case. It may stick for only a short time resulting in only a small amount of fuel loss, but any fuel in the crankcase is really, really bad. If that has happened, changing your oil in-doors could pose an explosion/fire hazard. An easy way to know what youre dealing with up-front is to pull your oil fill cap, stick your nose up to the hole, and take a whiff. If you smell gas, move the show outdoors to a well ventilated area. Also, you will want to find the source of the errant fuel ASAP. If you have a float sticking, it will cause all sorts of problems. Fuel will also re-contaminate your fresh oil and that can cause permanent damage to your engine. Diluted oil is bad oil!

Things You Will Need

  • Oil Filter
  • Oil
  • Drain Plug Washer
  • Open end wrench (or socket and ratchet)
  • Drain pan
  • Tool to remove the filter (an old leather belt will do)
  • Rags for cleanup
  • Funnel
  • Aluminum foil
  • Torque wrench (recommended)
  • Owners or service manual

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